On 15 August 1947, when India became an independent nation amid cheering crowds, many Muslims also celebrated – albeit privately. A year later, when the first round of voting took place for what would become the country’s first free and fair election, many Muslims were dismayed to see their Muslim-dominated constituencies disappear from the ballot box.
India’s journey from British Raj to Republic
Since the country gained its independence from the British Raj in 1947, India has experienced a journey of unparalleled transformation. From a colonial power to a modern democracy, India has seen countless changes over the years. However, recent developments have Muslims living in India feeling particularly threatened.
One such development is the current Indian government’s efforts to demonize and criminalize Muslim immigrants. This has led to Muslims feeling increasingly insecure and scared. Muslims make up around 14% of India’s population of 1.3 billion people, and they have been a part of Indian society for centuries. However, recent events have caused many Muslims to fear for their safety and security.
The Indian government has accused Muslim immigrants of being responsible for various crimes, including terrorism. It has also proposed policies that would restrict Muslim access to education and employment. This has had a particularly negative impact on Muslim communities, which are already feeling marginalized due to their religion.
Muslims in India are facing an uncertain future as democracy turns into an attack on their dream of a secular society.
The rise of the Hindu nationalist BJP
Since the BJP’s landslide victory in India’s national elections in May 2014, Muslims have been in fear.
The BJP is a Hindu nationalist party that was founded in 1980 by members of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a right-wing, paramilitary organization. The BJP’s goal is to create a Hindu nation and to remove all religious and cultural influences from Indian society.
The BJP has used its majority in parliament to pass a series of controversial bills that target Muslims. These bills include the Citizenship Amendment Bill, which would make it easier for Hindus immigrants to become citizens of India; and the The Muslim Women Protection Bill, which would make it illegal for Muslim women to wear certain clothing or engage in certain activities.
Since the BJP’s victory, many Muslims have left India for safety reasons. According to the Hindustan Times, as of January 2016, there were more than 100,000 refugees living in India because of fear of reprisals from the BJP government.
The rise of the Hindu nationalist BJP has had a negative effect on Indian democracy. It has caused Muslims to feel unsafe and has undermined the country’s secular foundation.
The general election
The general election in India is a critical event that will determine the future of the country. Muslims are feeling particularly afraid as the election nears.
Many Muslims have voiced their fear that the election could be an attack on their dream of democracy. They believe that Hindu nationalist leaders may try to suppress their rights in retaliation for the success of Muslim candidates in previous elections.
Many Muslims are also concerned about hate speech and violence that could occur during the election campaign. This has led to many Muslims staying away from the polls, even though they are eligible to vote.
If Hindu nationalist candidates win a majority in parliament, they may try to pass laws that would restrict Muslim rights and freedoms. This would be a serious setback for India’s long history of democracy and religious tolerance.
The rise of the Muslim minority
Muslims in India are feeling the heat as democracy turns increasingly hostile towards them.
Muslims make up around 14 percent of India’s population of 1.3 billion people, but they have been the target of increasing hostility in recent years. This has been driven in part by the rise of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which has won two consecutive elections with a strong platform on religious nationalism.
The BJP has proposed a number of measures that would target Muslims specifically. These include a ban on the wearing of religious dress in public, the conversion of places of worship into commercial enterprises, and a crackdown on Muslim students and intellectuals.
Muslim activists have responded to this onslaught by staging protests and boycotting government services. They have also launched a campaign called ‘Save Democracy’ to promote voter registration and education among their community about the importance of democracy.
Despite these challenges, many Muslims are optimistic about the future. They see their minority status as an opportunity to build bridges between themselves and other communities and to promote tolerance and diversity.
The aftermath of the terror attacks in India
Since the terrorist attacks in India, many Muslims have been living in fear. The aftermath of the attacks has been chaotic and traumatic for many.
Muslims make up about 14% of the population in India, and the terrorist attacks have left them feeling targeted and insecure. Muslims have been protesting and demanding better security since the attacks. They believe that their democratic rights are being violated and that they are being targeted because of their religion.
Many Muslim businesses have also been affected by the terror attacks. Many Muslims work in the hospitality industry, and tourism has been badly hit as a result of the attacks. Muslims also work in other industries, but they are afraid to speak out about their fears for fear of reprisal.
The Indian government is trying to reassure Muslims that they are safe and that their rights will be protected. However, many Muslims are not convinced. They feel that the government is not doing enough to protect them, and they worry about what will happen next.
The general election
The Indian general election is now complete, and the results are in. Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist party, the BJP, has won a landslide victory. This has caused alarm among many Muslims, who fear that their rights will be curtailed under a Hindu-dominated government.
2. Attacks on minorities
Since Modi became Prime Minister in 2014, there have been a series of attacks on minorities in India. These include attacks on Muslims, Christians, and Dalits (formerly known as ‘untouchables’). These attacks have been carried out by members of the BJP and Modi himself has not done anything to stop them.
3. The BJP’s attitude to religion
The BJP is a strongly religious party and it views India as a Hindu country. It does not recognise the rights of minority religions and it wants to make India a Hindu nation. This attitude towards religion is what scares many Muslims in India.
India’s democracy years on
In the last few months, there have been a number of attacks on Indian Muslims, which has caused them to feel scared and insecure. These attacks have been labelled ‘attacks on democracy’ by many people, but what do they actually mean?
The Indian democracy years have been eventful. From the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, which saw a historic victory for the BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party), to the much-publicised Telangana agitation and now the recent spate of attacks on Muslims, it has been an interesting time to be a part of Indian democracy.
Many people feel that these recent attacks on Muslims are an attack on India’s democracy. This is because they believe that it is wrong for any group to feel excluded from the democratic process. More generally, these attacks are seen as an assault on India’s secular values.
However, some say that these attacks should not be seen as an attack on democracy per se. They claim that these events are simply manifestations of religious intolerance and violence. In other words, they are part of a long history of religious violence in India that goes back centuries.
Seventy-five years ago, India became an independent republic after a bloody struggle against British colonialism. Since then, the country has undergone dramatic changes – and not all for the better. Muslims have borne the brunt of these changes, with religious and ethnic minorities facing increasing discrimination and attacks from Hindu hardliners. In recent months, this fear has taken on a new level as Indian democracy enters its 75th anniversary year. With elections scheduled for 2019, politicians are using the occasion to further polarize society along sectarian lines in an attempt to gain electoral advantage. As a Muslim living in India today, it is clear that I am under constant attack – both politically and physically – and I worry about my fellow citizens’ safety as we enter what appears to be yet another turbulent period in our history.